Asbestos is a natural silicate mineral. Its name in the Greek language means “inextinguishable,” and this characteristic is the main reason why asbestos is widespread in many areas, including building insulation, hotplate wiring, and electrical insulation. Back in the 19th century, due to its physical properties such as sound absorption or fire and electrical resistance, asbestos was one of the most common building materials. However, by the middle of the 20th century, scientists discovered the correlation between asbestos and several severe illnesses. Luckily enough, asbestos is utterly harmless if left undisturbed. But minor damages, or an improper abrasion, can lead to inhalation of asbestos, which associated with many lung diseases, including cancer. By the end of the 20th century, manufacturers and builders turned to other materials with similar physical properties.
Therefore, asbestos and lead removal from a backyard are some of the most important things one can do regarding health. However, dealing with hazardous waste material is a job for professionals from dangerous waste removal service companies.
This article aims to provide sufficient information about asbestos, lead, hazardous waste material removal services.
Asbestos comes in different shapes, sizes, and colors. Several colors exist and can be found in nature.
Unless found in its natural form, asbestos is not recognizable when used in the building material. But several steps can be taken into consideration.
The first step is checking a home building certificate out. If the observed building built before 1995, there is a possibility that it contains asbestos. If the building process took place even before the 1980s, the chances of finding asbestos are higher.
The next step is looking for joints on the outside of buildings since asbestos sheets usually combined with aluminum runners. This specific design can be indicative enough.
The final step is to look at surface patterns. Small dimples or hollow craters can recognize asbestos materials. Newer materials that are asbestos-free are usually smoother. That is not a specific method of identifying asbestos material but combined with the previous two measures; it can be decisive.
Hazardous waste management services will handle asbestos materials in the best way possible. The removal of lead, asbestos and other dangerous, hazardous materials must be managed adequately with professional equipment.
The fact that asbestos was widespread before the potential health risks were known to the public makes asbestos present all around us. You can find it in some plastics, paints, joint compounds, roofing tiles, siding tiles, floor tiles, soundproofing applications, attic insulation and casings for wires, etc.
Unprofessional asbestos removal is threatening. Safety equipment, such as gloves, goggles and full-face respirators are mandatory. The process itself requires washing and depending on the nature of damage -even steam cleansing may be necessary.
Handling with asbestos waste material must be under constant precautions. After the asbestos removed, one should do safe, correct disposal. Asbestos materials must be placed into waste disposal bags. Locating special disposal facilities and dropping off the disposed of material are two final steps.
Just like it is the case with asbestos, lead also was widespread in manufacturing before the potentially harmful effects were discovered. Lead cannot be found or recognized without the help of product labels or lab analysis. Luckily, today, lead can mostly be found in colors, which does not make it easier or safer for removal without professional help, but encounters are predictable. The lead was banned from commercial using in paints at the end of the 1970s, so if the observed house was built later, there should not be any lead dust or lead-based colors. If the house was built earlier, it most likely has lead-based colors, so lead removal is therefore advisable.
Handling lead dust requires caution, but if one were to do it without the help of hazardous waste management services, the following measures should be taken.
Wetting the walls
Moisturizing the walls or other interior surfaces painted with lead-based paint is the first step in lead removal. That should ensure that the surface is ready for scrapping, which is the next step.
Scrapping the lead-based paint off
Scrapping the lead-based paint off is the next step. It is advisable to do that from the top to the bottom of the painted surface. It is an important step of lead removal; one should continue with wetting the area. It is also highly advisable to use a HEPA vacuum cleaner to clean the debris up as soon as it is noticeable on the floor.
Notice that the lead removal process can last for several days. The clean-up required after every workday.
Once the paint removal is finished, the final clean-up is required. Use a HEPA vacuum to remove all the dust. HEPA vacuums can be obtained at most of the hardware stores, and only they can vacuum lead dust efficiently. Ordinary vacuums are not sufficient.
Once vacuumed, the area should be washed with a mixture of cleaner and water, and in the following step rinsed with clean water.
Be sure that not a single particle of lead dust ends up in the renovated room; one more cleansing is advisable.
Hazardous waste management services are trained to do this job. Asbestos and lead removal associated with some permanent and even lethal diseases. If the cleaning process not done accurately, there is a chance that health problems may occur.
Many hazardous waste management services deal with different kinds of toxic and non-toxic materials that are not biodegradable. Lead is just one of them. Another reason why hiring a hazardous waste management service is advisable is that they are obliged and know how to dispose of the waste safely and in accordance with local laws. This process can be done by recycling or by biological treatment. All these services intended for human and environmental health keeping.
Dealing with asbestos and lead is dangerous. Improper handling of asbestos and lead waste is more dangerous than not reacting at all – especially if the area is undamaged. Damaging products and materials with asbestos will release toxic dust. However, throughout history asbestos was even used in toothpaste, and as a substitute for snow on movie sets. Since a naked eye cannot observe asbestos and lead, product labels should be checked out especially if used in insulation.
Another common dangerous substance that can be found in households is lead. Although it was banned a long time ago, a lot of homes, schools and other buildings painted with lead-based paints. Now when the harmful effects of lead dust are a sort of collective knowledge, people around the world are renovating facades. Extended lead exposure is related to diseases of heart, kidneys and reproductive system. Lead removal, therefore, must be appropriately handled.
Hazardous waste management services are there to ensure the safest possible environment before the renovation process. Their job is to secure the contaminated area and to dispose of the waste materials once their task is complete. Hazardous waste materials must be disposed of in a specific way. In most countries, hazardous waste management services must be obligatory certified by the state or some other relevant institutions.